Agricultural Transformation and Farmers’ Expectations: Experimental Evidence from Uganda

Tuesday, January 28, 2020

12:30 pm -2.00pm

Monroe Hall, Seminar Room 321 

2115 G St NW, Washington, DC 20052

Why adoption rate of potentially pro table agricultural technologies in Africa remains low is still puzzling. This paper uses a randomized control trial to study Ugandan subsistence smallholders’ decisions to adopt cash crops. A unique way of eliciting farmers price and yield expectations allows us to investigate the role of farmers’ ex-ante beliefs about crop profitability on adoption decisions. We find that the provision of extension services increases oilseeds adoption by 15%, and farmers who underestimate oilseeds price at baseline are the most likely to adopt the new crops. The results suggest that changes in expectations drive agricultural technology take-up.

Paper: “Agricultural Transformation and Farmers’ Expectations: Experimental Evidence from Uganda” by Harounan Kazianga (Oklahoma State University)

Sustainable Development Forum: Why Investing in Nature Makes Economic Sense

Monday, September 14th, 2015

1:15 to 2:45pm

 

Elliott School of International Affairs
Lindner Commons, 6th floor
1957 E Street NW
Washington, DC 20052

What is the role of nature in cities? How can business and government leaders align environmental stewardship with economic growth?

On September 14, the Institute for International Economic Policy at The George Washington University hosted a panel of experts to answer these questions at a live, in-person webcast at the Elliott School of International Affairs. The participants included Mark Tercek, President and CEO of The Nature Conservancy, Rob McDonald, Senior Scientist for Sustainable Land Use at The Nature Conservancy,and Professor David Rain of GWU. The panel largely discussed Mark Tercek’s book, Nature’s Fortune, and its ideas for valuing ecosystem services to be used in business plans.

Led by Marcus King from The George Washington University Elliott School of International Affairs, they examined how public and private sector leaders can use natural resources to both impact the bottom line and benefit society, and how ecosystem services and natural infrastructure can enhance cities and neighborhoods. With their combined expertise from the fields of conservation, ecosystem services, environmental security, and corporate finance, they aimed to challenge conventional thinking about the importance of environmental resources and economics as key tools in creating a sustainable world.

The Institute for International Economic Policy

IIEP is located within the Elliott School of International Affairs at GWU. It serves as a catalyst for high quality, multi-disciplinary, and non-partisan research on policy issues surrounding economic globalization. The Institute’s research program helps develop effective policy options and academic analysis in a time of growing controversies about global economic integration. The institute’s work encompasses policy responses for those who face continued poverty and financial crises despite worldwide economic growth. IIEP has a number of signature initiatives including one on the adaptation to climate change in developing countries.

The Security and Sustainability Forum

SSF is a public interest organization that produces learning events about climate security, which we define as the threats to society from a changing climate and related disruptions to natural systems. Our main products are free webinars that convene global experts on food and water security, public health, economic vitality, infrastructure, governance and other impacts that must be solved in meeting climate security challenges.

Island Press

Island Press communicates ideas essential to solving local and global environmental problems. We do this by publishing, marketing, and disseminating books; conducting educational outreach campaigns; convening leading thinkers and activists, and utilizing new digital technology. Our goal is to ensure that those working to protect biological diversity and ecosystems services, to encourage sustainability of the natural resource base, and to promote and protect human health and the quality of life receive the best multidisciplinary information available and early exposure to new ideas.

Mark Tercek, Panelist

President and CEO, The Nature Conservancy 
Mark Tercek is president and CEO of The Nature Conservancy, the global conservation organization known for its intense focus on collaboration and getting things done for the benefit of people and nature. He is the author of the Washington Post and Publishers Weekly bestselling book Nature’s Fortune: How Business and Society Thrive by Investing in Nature.

A former managing director and Partner for Goldman Sachs, where he spent 24 years, Tercek brings deep business experience to his role leading the Conservancy, which he joined in 2008. He is a champion of the idea of natural capital—valuing nature for its own sake as well as for the services it provides for people, such as clean air and water, productive soils, and a stable climate.

During his time at Goldman Sachs, Tercek managed several of the firm’s key units, including Corporate Finance, Equity Capital Markets, and Pine Street, the firm’s leadership development program. In 2005, after two decades as an investment banker, Tercek was tapped to develop the firm’s environmental strategy and to lead its Environmental Markets Group.

Inspired by the opportunity to help businesses, governments, and environmental organizations work together in new, innovative ways, Tercek left Goldman Sachs in 2008 to head up The Nature Conservancy.

In 2012, Tercek was appointed by New York Governor Andrew Cuomo to serve on the New York State 2100 Commission, which was created in the wake of Superstorm Sandy to advise the governor and the state on how to make the state’s infrastructure more resilient to future storms. Tercek is also a member of several boards and councils, including Resources for the Future and the Nicholas Institute for Environmental Policy Solutions. He is also a member of the Council on Foreign Relations. Tercek earned an M.B.A. from Harvard in 1984 and a B.A. from Williams College in 1979.

Robert McDonald, Panelist

Senior Scientist for Sustainable Land Use, The Nature Conservancy 
Dr. Robert McDonald is the lead scientist for the Nature Conservancy’s efforts to figure out how to make cities more sustainable. He holds a Ph.D. in Ecology from Duke University, and has published more than 30 peer-reviewed publications, many of them on the science of how cities impact and depend on the environment. He is author of Conservation for Cities: How to Plan and Build Natural Infrastructure (published by Island Press), blogs for The Nature Conservancy’s Cool Green Science blog and has published two recent essays on urban/environment interactions in a collection called Taking Sides: Clashing Views in Global Issues (McGraw-Hill) and in The Chronicle of Higher Education.

David Rain, Panelist

Associate Professor of Geography and International Affairs, GWU 
Professor Rain received his Ph.D. in Geography from The Pennsylvania State University. Prior to his appointment at GW, he served as a statistician-demographer with the U.S. Census Bureau. In that capacity, Professor Rain assisted numerous countries with census and cartographic capabilities. He served as an instructor at the University of Maryland and Penn State and was a Peace Corps volunteer in Niger.

Professor Rain is the author Eaters of the Dry Season: Circular Labor Migration in the West African Sahel (Westview Press, 1999). His book, Handbook on Geospatial Infrastructure in Support of Census Activities, is forthcoming from United Nations Publications. His articles have appeared in Urban Geography, GeoJournal, and the Proceedings of the Environmental Systems Research Institute. His current interests include demographic and environmental change in developing world cities, remote sensing and field survey methods to explore environment and well-being, and the role of geospatial technologies in improving governance and facilitating humanitarian response. Professor Rain has received several awards and fellowships, including the ComSci Fellowship from the Department of Commerce, the Bronze Medal Award from the U.S. Census Bureau, and a Fulbright Award to conduct research in Niger.

Marcus D. King, Moderator

John O. Rankin Associate Professor of International Affairs 
Marcus D. King is John O. Rankin Associate Professor of International Affairs and Director of the Elliott School’s Master of Arts in International Affairs Program. Dr. King was previously Associate Research Professor and Director of Research where he worked with the Elliott School’s nine centers and institutes to coordinate over $30 million in faculty sponsored research proposals. Dr. King joined the Elliott School from CNA Corporation’s Center for Naval Analyses where he led studies for U.S. government agencies on climate change security, resilience, adaptation and energy security. He was also project director for the CNA Military Advisory Board (MAB), an elite group of former admirals and generals that launched landmark reports on these topics. Dr. King’s research and teaching at GW focus on the nexus between environmental scarcity or abundance and conflict. He holds a Ph.D. in international relations from Tufts University.

The George Washington University School of Public Health and Health Services and Office of Sustainability Innovation Dialogue PanelT

Climate Impact and Food Security

Co-sponsors:
SPHHS and Office of Sustainability Innovation

Picture ID/GWID Required

Wednesday, April 25, 2012

1:00 to 3:00pm

 

Ross Hall
Room 117
2300 I St, NW
Washington, DC 20052

Panelists:


Biotechnology and Food Security: Promises and Perils
 – Lynn Goldman, MD, MPH, Dean, GW School of Public Health and Health Services

 

The Future of Agricultural Production – Siwa Msangi, PhD, MSa, Senior Research Fellow, IFPRI

 

Outlook on the Future of Agricultural Pesticide Use – Melissa Perry, ScD, MHS, Chair, Department of Environment and Occupational Health, GW School of Public Health

 

Emerging Infectious Diseases in a Changing Climate – Jessica Leibler, PhD, MS, Research Scientist, Dept. of Environmental and Occupational Health, GW School of Public Health

Why Cooperate Over Water? Water Has No Borders

Join the World Affairs Council-Washington, DC for an evening with Gidon Bromberg, Co-Director of Friends of the Earth Middle East (FoEME)

To RSVP for the conference please fill out our form at www.worldaffairsdc.org or (202) 293-1051

Dr. Bromberg’s PowerPoint can be viewed here.

Monday, October 3rd, 2011

6:30 to 8:30pm

Elliott School of International Affairs
Linder Commons, Suite 602
1957 E Street NW
Washington, DC 20052

Avidan Meyerstein, Founder of the Alliance for Middle East Peace, Mr. Meyerstein currently works as an attorney in the Washington, D.C. area. ALLMEP is a group of organizations who promote peaceful coexistence of Arabs, Jews, Israelis and Palestinians on a personal level.

Najeeba Syeed-Miller, Ms. Syeed-Miller is the founder and assistant professor of Interreligious Education at Claremont School of Theology. She has 15 years of experience in conflict resolution and has also developed a method of mediation from a Muslim perspective.

Gabe Ross, As Associate Director of Partners for a New Beginning within The Aspen Institute, Mr. Ross is part of an organization that facilitates presidential goals of broadening and deepening the U.S.’s relationship with Muslim communities around the world, based on mutual respect.

Jim Doumas, As Executive Vice-President of Sister Cities International, Mr. Doumas participates in strengthening the relationship between the U.S. and international communities. SCI is an organization dedicated to development and volunteer actions to further beneficial communication.

Economics of Adaptation to Climate Change in Low-Income Countries

Hosted by the Institute of International Economic Policy

See more about the Institute’s Adaptation to Climate Change initiative here.

In partnership with the World Bank, the UN Development Programme, the Center for International Science and Technology Policy, and the GWU Department of Economics

Wednesday, May 18 – Thursday, May 19, 2011

 

City View Room, 7th Floor 1957 E St NW Washington, DC 20052

IIEP Climate and Energy Forum: Policy Comparisons and Business Perspectives: The Coal and Solar Sectors in China, U.S.A. and Germany

Co-sponsored by the National Center for Sustainable Development,
and the Bertelsmann Foundation

This event is part of the Institute for International Economic Policy’s Adaptation to Climate Change Initiative.

Friday, April 23, 2010

7:30 a.m. – 1:15 p.m.

City View Room, 7th Floor
1957 E St., NW
Elliott School of International Affairs
George Washington University
Washington, DC

7:30am: Registration and Breakfast

8:30am: Welcome Remarks (bilingual): Prof. Maggie Xiaoyang Chen – GWU

8:40am: Introduction to Roundtable Topics and Participants
Framing of the discussion topics, and Overview of the Forum
Prof. Stephen Smith – Director, Institute for International Economic Policy, GWU

9:00am: Introduction of the First Panel
The Public Sector Role in Setting the Rules of the Game for Economic and Environmental Balance

Moderator: Prof. Arun Malik – GWU

China Reps: Chen Huan – Deputy Director General, CDM Fund
Dr. Wen Gang – Ministry of Finance

U.S. Rep: Dr. Phyllis Yoshida – Deputy Assistant Secretary for International Energy Cooperation, Department of Energy

German Rep: Matthias Sonn – Minister for Economic Affairs, German Embassy – Washington, DC and Board Director, US-German Business Council

Questions to pose for Perspectives and Comparison

1. WHAT IS YOUR PERSPECTIVE ON THE PUBLIC ROLE IN THE ENERGY SECTOR, IN SEEKING ECONOMIC AND CLIMATE BALANCE?

2.  HOW DO YOU ENVISION THE WAY THE PUBLIC SECTOR WILL INTERACT WITH THE PRIVATE SECTOR?

2. WHAT ARE THE MAIN CONSTRAINTS ON IMPLEMENTING THE APPROPRIATE PUBLIC ROLE?

3. WHAT DO YOU VIEW AS UNIQUE TO YOUR COUNTRY FROM THE VIEWPOINT OF SPECIAL POLICY CHALLENGES AND SPECIAL COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGES?

10:00am: Audience Participation Questions – Questions collected from the audience during the primary panel discussion and posed by the moderator at this time.

10:30am: Coffee Break

11:00am: Introduction of Second Panel
The Private Sector Role in Promoting Viable Balanced Markets to achieve low carbon intensity sustainable development:

Moderator: Prof. Fred Joutz – GWU

China Reps: Chen Huan – Deputy Director General, CDM Fund
Dr. Wen Gang – Ministry of Finance

U.S. Rep: Tom Mackey – Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Clean Coal Project

German Rep: TBA

Questions to Pose for Implementation and Comparison

1. WHAT DOES THE PRIVATE SECTOR NEED FROM THE PUBLIC SECTOR?

2. WHAT SIGNIFICANT UNWARRANTED CONSTRAINTS COME FROM THE PUBLIC SECTOR?

3. WHAT DO YOU SEE AS THE BALANCED AND SUSTAINABLE FUTURE OF THE RESPECTIVE ENERGY SUBSECTORS?

4. WHAT FINANCING CONSTRAINTS ARE PRESENT?

12:00 noon: Audience Participation Questions – Questions collected from the audience during the second panel discussion will be posed by the moderator at this time.

12:30pm: Lunch

1:00pm: Keynote Speaker & Questions
1:15pm: Keynote Speaker introduction by Annette Heuser: Executive Director, Bertelsmann Foundation, Washington, DC

“Energy and Climate Policy: Practical Lessons from Germany”

Keynote Speaker: Dr. Klaus Scharioth – German Ambassador to the United States of America

2:00pm: Wrap up by: Mitchell F. Stanley, President & Trustee, National Center for Sustainable Development, Washington, DC

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