Research Papers

Contact Information

Phone: +1 (202) 994-5320
Fax: +1 (202) 994-5477
Email: ssmith@gwu.edu

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Economics Department
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“Agricultural Extension and Technology Adoption for Food Security: Evidence from Uganda,” with Yao Pan and Munshi Sulaiman, American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Vol. 100, Issue 4, 1012–1031, July 2018. Download here.

 

“Nonunion Employee Representation: Theory and the German Experience with Mandated Works Councils,” with Uwe Jirjahn, Annals of Public and Cooperative Economics, Vol. 89, 1, pages 201-233, March 2018. Download here.

 

“Development Economics Meets the Challenges of Lagging U.S. Areas: Applications to Education, Health and Nutrition, Behavior, and Infrastructure,” in Place-Based Policies for Shared Economic Growth, J. Shambaugh and R. Nunn, eds., pp. 185-242, Washington: Brookings Institution, September 2018. Download here.

 

“Do Foreign Owners Favor Short-Term Profit? Evidence from Germany,” with Verena Dill and Uwe Jirjahn, Cambridge Journal of Economics, 40, 123–140, 2016. Download here. Also available as IZA Discussion Paper 8165, May 2014, Download: here.

 

“Person Equivalent Headcount Measures of Poverty,” with James E. Foster and Tony Castleman, Institute for International Economic Policy (IIEP) Working Paper #2015-10. Download here. Published version here.

 

“The Two Fragilities: Vulnerability to Conflict, Environmental Stress, and their Interactions as Challenges to Ending Poverty,” in The Last Mile in Ending Extreme Poverty, Washington, Brookings Institution Press, July 2015. Download here.

 

“Multidimensional Targeting and Evaluation: Framework and Application to a Poverty Program in Bangladesh,” with Virginia Robano, IZA Discussion Paper 7593, available here; and as OPHI Working Paper 65 (Jan. 2014). Download: here.

 

“Cooperatives in a Global Economy: Key Economic Issues, Recent Trends, and Potential for Development,” with Jonathan Rothbaum: invited chapter for book edited by Sonja Novkovic and Tom Webb, forthcoming Zed Books, Oct. 2014, Co-operatives in a Post-Growth Era: Creating Co-operative Economics; also available as IZA Policy Paper 68, Sept. 2013, Download: here.

 

“Assessing the Frontiers of Ultra-Poverty Reduction: Evidence from CFPR/TUP, an Innovative Program in Bangladesh,” with M. Shahe Emran and Virginia Robano, Economic Development and Cultural Change, 62 (2), 339-380, February 2014. Available from JSTOR here.

 

“Education and Freedom of Choice: Evidence from Arranged Marriages in Vietnam,” with M. Shahe Emran and Fenohasina Maret-Rakotondrazaka, Journal of Development Studies, Vol 50, No. 4, pages 481-501, April 2014; online version here; IZA Discussion Paper 6862 available here.

 

“Regional Agricultural Endowments and Shifts of Poverty Trap Equilibria: Evidence from Ethiopian Panel Data,” with Sungil Kwak, Journal of Development Studies, 49, 7, 955-975, July 2013: Download: here

 

“Awareness as an Adaptation Strategy for Reducing Mortality from Heat Waves: Evidence from a Disaster Risk Management Program in India,” with Saudamini Das, Climate Change Economics, Volume 3, No. 2, May 2012, Download: here. Also available as IIEP Working Paper here.

 

“Adaptation to Climate Change in Low-Income Countries: Lessons from Current Research and Needs from Future Research,” with Arun Malik, Climate Change Economics, Volume 3, No. 2, May 2012, download here. Also available as IIEP Working Paper here

 

“The Scope of Nongovernmental Organizations and Development Program Design: Application to Problems of Multidimensional Poverty,” Public Administration and Development, Volume 32, Issue 4-5, 357-370, 2012, Download: here. Also available as IIEP Working Paper: here.

 

“Endogenous Formation of Coops and Cooperative Leagues,” with Sumit Joshi, Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization 68, 217–233, 2008, Download: here.

 

“Beyond the ‘Non’: The Strategic Space for NGOs in Development,” with J. Brinkerhoff and H. Teegen, in NGOs and the Millennium Development Goals: Citizen Action to Reduce Poverty, Jennifer Brinkerhoff, Stephen C. Smith and Hildy Teegen, eds. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2007, pages 53-80, Download: here.

 

“Organizational Comparative Advantages of NGOs in Eradicating Extreme Poverty and Hunger: Strategy for Escape from Poverty Traps,” in NGOs and the Millennium Development Goals: Citizen Action to Reduce Poverty, Jennifer Brinkerhoff, Stephen C. Smith and Hildy Teegen, eds. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2007, pages 121-148, Download: here.

 

“The Role of NGOs in Health, Education, Environment, and Gender: Application of the Theoretical Framework,” with J. Brinkerhoff and H. Teegen, in NGOs and the Millennium Development Goals: Citizen Action to Reduce Poverty, Jennifer Brinkerhoff, Stephen C. Smith and Hildy Teegen, eds. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2007, pages 149-180, Download: here.

 

“What Factors Lead Management to Support or Oppose Employee Participation with and without Works Councils? Hypotheses and Evidence from Germany,” with Uwe Jirjahn, Industrial Relations, 45, 4, 650-680, Oct. 2006; ILO Download: here. Working paper version available here

 

“Works Councils and Environmental Investment: Theory and Evidence from German Panel Data,” with Jan Erik Askildsen and Uwe Jirjahn, Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization Volume 60, Issue 3, 346-372, 2006, Download: here. Working paper version available here.

 

“Employee Participation Rights in Corporate Governance: Economic Rationale, a Test of a Leading Theory, and Some Modest Policy Proposals,” Advances in the Economic Analysis of Participatory and Labor Managed Firms, Elsevier, 105-146, Vol. 9, 2006, Working paper version available here.

 

“New Issues in Emerging Markets: Determinants, Effects, and Stock Market Performance of Initial Public Offerings in South Korea,” with Hesuk Chun, Journal of Emerging Market Finance, 2, 3, 253 285, December 2003, Download: here.

 

“A Tale of Two Tigers: Employee Financial Participation in Korea and Taiwan,” with Beom cheol Cin and Tzu Shian Han, International Journal of Human Resource Management, Sept. 2003. ILO Download: here.

 

“Village Banking and Maternal and Child Health: Evidence from Ecuador and Honduras,” World Development, 30, 4, 707 723, April 2002, Download: here. Working paper version available here.

 

“Human Capital Convergence: A Joint Estimation Approach,” with Randa Sab, IMF Staff Papers, 49, 2, 200 211, August 2002; Download: here.

 

“Employee Stock Ownership and Participation in South Korea: Incidence, Productivity Effects, and Prospects,” with Beom cheol Cin, Review of Development Economics, 6, 2, 263 283, June 2002, Download: here. Working paper version available here.

 

“Investment, Exports, and Output in South Korea: A VAR Approach to Growth Empirics,” with Edward Feasel and Yongbeom Kim, Review of Development Economics, 5, 3, 421 432, October 2001, Download: here. Working paper version available here.

 

Blooming Together or Wilting Alone? Organizational Comparative Advantage, Network Externalities, and Mondragon and La Lega Cooperative Networks, Paper No. 2001/27, 55 pp., World Institute of Development Economics Research (WIDER), Helsinki, July 2001, Download: here.

 

Human Capital Convergence – International Evidence, with Randa Sab, IMF Working Paper 01/32, Washington, DC: International Monetary Fund, 2001, Download: here.

 

“Investment and Supply Effects of Industry Indexed Bonds: The Labor Managed Firm,” with Robert Waldmann, Economic Systems, 23, 3, 245 268, 1999, Download: here.

 

“Privatization Incidence, Ownership Forms, and Firm Performance: Evidence from Slovenia,” with Beom cheol Cin and Milan Vodopivec, Journal of Comparative Economics, 25, 158 179, 1997, Download: here. Also, download here.

 

The Firm, Human Development, and Market Failure, ILO Labour Market Paper Number 10, Geneva International Labour Office, 1995: Download: here.

 

“Firm Size and the Effect of Profit‑Sharing,” with M.D. Bradley, J. Inst. Public Enterprise, 18, 1, 1‑13, 1995, Download: here.

 

“Innovation and Market Strategy in Italian Industrial Cooperatives: Econometric Evidence on Organizational Comparative Advantage,” Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, 23, 3, 303 321, 1994, Download: here.

 

“On the Law and Economics of Employee Ownership in Privatization in Developing and Transition Economies,” Annals of Public and Cooperative Economics, 65, 3, 437 468, 1994. Download: here.

 

Review of Michael Porter, “The Competitive Advantage of Nations,” Journal of Development Economics, 36, 399‑404 (1993), Download: here.

 

“Labor Managed Cooperatives and Private Firms in North Central Italy: An Empirical Comparison,” with W. Bartlett, J. Cable, S. Estrin and D. Jones, Industrial and Labor Relations Review, 46, 103 118, 1992, Download: here.

 

“On the Economic Rationale for Codetermination Law,” Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, 16, 261 281, Dec. 1991, Download: here.

 

Industrial Policy in Developing Countries: Reconsidering the Real Sources of Export Led Growth, Economic Policy Institute, 1991, Download: here.

 

“Allocation and Distribution in an Employee Owned Firm under Both Output and Labor Market Uncertainty,” with M.H. Ye, Economic Analysis, and Workers Management, 26 (2), 115 136, 1991. Download: here.

 

“On the Incidence of Profit and Equity Sharing: Theory and an Application to the High Tech Sector,” Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, 9, 45 58, 1988, Download: here.

 

“On Illyrian Macroeconomics,” with M. D. Bradley, Economica, 55, 249 260, 1988, Download: here.

 

“The Behavior of Labor Managed Firms under Uncertainty: Product Diversification, Income Insurance and Layoff Policy,” with M.H. Ye, Annals of Public and Cooperative Economics, 57, 65 82, 1987, Download: here.

 

“Political Behavior as an Economic Externality: Econometric Evidence on the Spillover of Participation in U.S. Firms to Participation in Community Affairs,” Advances in the Economic Analysis of Participatory and Labor Managed Firms, 1, 123 136, 1985, Download: here.

 

“Does Employment Matter to the Labor Managed Firm? Some Theory and an Empirical Illustration,” Economic Analysis, 18, 303 318, 1984, Download: here.

 

“The Economics of Joint Ventures in Less Developed Countries,” with J. Svejnar, The Quarterly Journal of Economics, 98, 149 168, 1984, Download: here.